The total cultivable area in the state is 257 lakh hectares. The estimated food grain production is 173 lakh tonnes. Principal crops cultivated in the state are rice, barley, jowar, millet, maize, gram, wheat, oilseeds, pulses, cotton and tobacco. Cultivation of vegetable and citrus fruits such as orange and malta have also picked up over the last couple of years. Other crops are red chillies, mustard, cumin seeds, methi and hing. The total irrigation potential of the state is about 48 lakh hectares. Rajasthan buys about half of its power from neighbouring states.
Rajasthan is a mineral rich state with rich deposits of zinc concentrates, emerald, garnet, gypsum, silver ore and mica. The state also abounds in salt and red sandstone deposits. The first Export Promotion Industrial park of the country has been established and made operational at Sitapur. There is a Zinc smelter plant at Devari (Udaipur), copper plant at Khetri Nagar (Jhunjhunu) and a precision instrument factory at Kota providing employment to many.
Major industries are textiles and woollens, sugar, cement, glass, sodium plants, oxygen, zinc, water and electricity metres, synthetic yarn and insulating bricks. Precious and semi-precious stones, caustic soda and tyres are other important industrial units. Small-scale industrial units numbering over 2 lakhs, have created an employment potential for over 8 lakh people.
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Editor: Romola Butalia   (c) India Travelogue. All rights reserved.