Rajasthan with it's varied topography has a wide range of climatic conditions which vary from extremely dry and arid in the western Thar deserts, to humid in the eastern and southeastern parts of the state. Summer everywhere, except in the Aravalli hills, is extreme with the mean maximum temperature being 42º C. There are severe hot winds that sweep across the state with dust storms, especially in the desert tract. In the winter the temperature is about 20º C. While southeastern Rajasthan experiences the southwest monsoon winds from both the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, which bring 90 percent of the rainfall, the western deserts have scanty rainfall, with the average annual rainfall in the state being 100 millimeters or 4 inches.
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